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Change Default Boot Order for Grub 2 in Ubuntu 11.04 Natty or 10.10, 10.04 etc

Ubuntus 9.10, 10.04, 10.10, 11.04 etc. use Grub2 so if your are using any of these versions of Linux then this trick should work for you. This post discusses the standard command line approach as well as GUI approach, discussed at the end of this post.

With Grub 2 you can no longer edit grub.conf or menu.lst files located in /boot/grub folder. The file to be edited is now “grub” located in /etc/default/ folder, you can edit it by running the following command from terminal (sudo gedit /etc/default/grub). The contents would look like this:

If you change this file, run ‘update-grub’ afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.

GRUB_DEFAULT=0
#GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT=0
GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET=true
GRUB_TIMEOUT=10
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR=`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT=”quiet splash”
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=””

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL=console

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo’
#GRUB_GFXMODE=640×480

# Uncomment if you don’t want GRUB to pass “root=UUID=xxx” parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID=true

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entrys
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_RECOVERY=”true”

To change the default boot option, you just need to change the GRUB_DEFAULT parameter. 0 is the first entry, so if you want windows to be your default boot option which is, say at, 6th position in the grub menu, then you just need to change the GRUB_DEFAULT value to 5 and save the file and close it.  If you want to change the Auto Boot preset time then you would need to change the value of GRUB_TIMEOUT parameter, it should be assigned a value in seconds and would determine the delay in seconds before grub boots the default choice, automatically. Now from the terminal run following command and your grub default boot order would be changed when you boot the next time:

sudo update-grub

GUI Approach

Just install the startup manager by using synaptic or running the following command

sudo apt-get install startupmanager

Now launch System > Administration > StartUp-Manager and you can change the boot order using graphical interface.

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